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United States Naval Criminal Investigative Service Beyond Boundaries

Prevent Terrorism

Protect Secrets

Reduce Crime

Multiple Threat Alert Center

Infrastructure Protection/Computer Investigations


In support of its mission—to prevent and solve crimes that threaten the warfighting capability of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps—NCIS pursues three strategic priorities: Prevent Terrorism, Protect Secrets, and Reduce Crime. NCIS' entire mission is supported by the Multiple Threat Alert Center and Infrastructure Protection/Computer Investigations.

Infrastructure outbind://92-00000000A75F1172A6757144B9656A06ABC5EA2A84D02A00/mission/mtac.asp
Multiple Threat Alert (MTAC)

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United States Naval Criminal Investigative Service Beyond Boundaries


NCIS Wanted Fugitives

Have You Seen Any of These People?

The Naval Criminal Investigative Service is seeking assistance in locating the following persons. If you have information regarding these individuals please contact the Naval Criminal Investigative Service, 1-877-579-3648 (24-Hour Hotline); e-mail: or call your nearest NCIS Field Office.


Abdi Elmi Gulaid

Photograph of Abdi Elmi Gulaid

Sex: Male
Race: Black
Height: 5' 06"
Weight: 131 pounds
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Black
Wanted For: Desertion and Rape
Cesar Armando Laurean

Photograph of Cesar Armando Laurean

Sex: Male
Race: Caucasian
Height: 5' 09"
Weight: 190 pounds
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Black
Wanted For: First Degree Murder, Credit Card Fraud, and Flight to Avoid Prosecution. He is considered armed and dangerous.
Destor Cabasada Gatchalian

Photograph of Destor Cabasada Gatchalian

Sex: Male
Race: Asian
Height: 5' 02"
Weight: 130 pounds
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Black
Wanted For: Desertion and Rape of a Child
Elijah Jacob Ruffin

Photograph of Elijah Jacob Ruffin

Sex: Male
Race: Black
Height: 5' 10"
Weight: 180 pounds
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Black
Wanted For: Conspiracy, Dangerous Drugs, and Assault Weapon Violations
Federico Sebastian Pimienta-Perdomo

Photograph of Federico Sebastian Pimienta-Perdomo

Sex: Male
Race: Hispanic
Height: 5' 07"
Weight: 212 pounds
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Black
Wanted For: Desertion and Involuntary Manslaughter
Harley C. Defreitas

Photograph of Harley C. Defreitas

Sex: Male
Race: Caucasian
Height: 5' 11"
Weight: 200 pounds
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Black
Wanted For: Desertion and Larceny of Government Property
James Tait Praefke

Photograph of James Tait Praefke
Photograph of James Tait Praefke taken in Afghanistan
Photograph taken in

Sex: Male
Race: Caucasian
Height: 6' 03"
Weight: 220 pounds
Eye Color: Green
Hair Color: Red
Wanted For: Escape and Desertion
Joy Shantay Medley

Photograph of Joy Shantay Medley

Sex: Female
Race: African-American
Height: 5' 04"
Weight: 120 pounds
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Black
Wanted For: Second-Degree Murder
Robert Joseph Ochoa

Photograph of Robert Joseph Ochoa

Sex: Male
Race: Caucasian
Height: 5' 07"
Weight: 190 pounds
Eye Color: Black
Hair Color: Black
Wanted For: Desertion and Larceny
Shaun Michael McKim

Photograph of Shaun Michael McKim

Sex: Male
Race: Caucasian
Height: 5' 09"
Weight: 177 pounds
Eye Color: Blue
Hair Color: Brown
Remarks: Desertion and Larceny of Federal Property


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About NCIS

In a dangerous and complex world, threats against America and its military forces continue to proliferate and evolve.

Standing between these threats and the people, families, and assets of the Navy and Marine Corps is a unique, highly-trained, and effective team of special agents, investigators, forensic experts, security specialists, analysts, and support personnel: NCIS, the Naval Criminal Investigative Service.

NCIS is the primary law enforcement and counterintelligence arm of the United States Department of the Navy. It works closely with other local, state, federal, and foreign agencies to counter and investigate the most serious crimes: terrorism, espionage, computer intrusion, homicide, rape, child abuse, arson, procurement fraud, and more.

NCIS is the Navy's primary source of security for the men, women, ships, planes, and resources of America's seagoing expeditionary forces worldwide.

NCIS' three strategic priorities are to:

Prevent Terrorism,
Protect Secrets, and
Reduce Crime.


CSI team is real; the crime's fake

Jacksonville's Naval Criminal Investigative Service recently helped Mandarin High School forensic science students study crime scene evidence.

NAVSO NCIS Agent Gets Superior Civilian Service Award

NCIS Special Agent Daniel Gilbride received the Navy Superior Civilian Service Award at U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command (NAVSO) Headquarters.

>> News Archives

Helpful Info

The Naval Criminal Investigative Service provides these links and information to help keep you, your family and your property safe from crime.

Identity Theft is growing at at alarming rate! Learn what it is, and how you can protect yourself.

"A bit of prevention is worth a gigabyte of cure..." Read how NCIS helps parents and children to avoid computer crime with the NCIS SafeKids Program.

Loose Chips Sink Ships tells you about the importance of operational security (OPSEC) and some tips on maintaining vigilance while using technology.

For additional information, check out these Links to law enforcement, military, and other agencies.

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United States Naval Criminal Investigative Service Beyond Boundaries


Missing Persons

The Naval Criminal Investigative Service works closely with the local police departments as well as the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) in investigating the disappearance of any active duty service member or their dependent, when foul play is suspected or suspicious circumstances are present.

NCIS is seeking assistance in locating the following missing persons. If you have any information regarding the whereabouts of any of these people, please contact the Naval Criminal Investigative Service, 1-877-579-3648 (24-Hour Hotline); e-mail: or call your nearest NCIS Field Office.


Benjamin R. Sjoberg

Photograph of Benjamin R. Sjoberg

Sex: Male
Race: Caucasian
Height: 6' 03"
Weight: 200 pounds
Eye Color: Blue
Hair Color: Reddish-Blond
Remarks: HT3 Sjoberg was last seen aboard the U.S.S. Harper's Ferry (LSD-49) at approximately 11 p.m. on October 18, 1996. At that time, the ship reportedly passed between the Hawaiian Islands of Kauai and Niihau, at one point coming as close as 2,000 yards from shore. He was known to be very athletic, an excellent swimmer, and outdoorsman who enjoyed living off the land. He was said to be on the quiet side. Sjoberg also may have had a preference for exotic looking women.
Bruce Jeremy Burgess

Photograph of Bruce Jeremy Burgess

Sex: Male
Race: Caucasian
Height: 5' 10"
Weight: 153 pounds
Eye Color: Blue
Hair Color: Brown
Remarks: Burgess was last seen on his ship on the morning of March 1, 2005, in San Diego Bay. Dental x-rays are available for comparison if needed.
Jesus C. Valdovinos

Photograph of Jesus C. Valdovinos

Sex: Male
Race: Hispanic-American
Height: 5' 10"
Weight: 145 pounds
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Black
Remarks: ENFA Valdovinos was assigned to the U.S.S. Ranier (AOE-7), which is homeported in Bremerton, Washington. Valdovinos was on a ferry ride from Seattle to Bremerton when he disappeared on April 18, 1998, sometime between 4 a.m. and 5:15 a.m. A person matching his description was reportedly seen next by a crewmember of the ferry on its return trip to Seattle later that same morning. There have been no other reports relating to his whereabouts.
John Doe

Photograph of John Doe Recreation

Sex: Male
Race: Black
Height: 6'
Weight: Unknown
Eye Color: Unknown
Hair Color: Black
Remarks: "John Doe's" body was recovered in May 1997 during a dredging of the piers at the Norfolk Naval Base. The remains were of a black male between 21 to 25 years of age, and about 6' tall. He was wearing a multi-colored jacket and a long-sleeved Nautica shirt. The clothing and physical clues describe a man with muscular arms, a slim waist, and a prominently extended lower jaw. NCIS agents used the victim's skull to recreate his face.
Kevin L. McClam

Photograph of Kevin L. McClam

Sex: Male
Race: African-American
Height: 5' 07"
Weight: 140 pounds
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Black
Remarks: Kevin McClam disappeared from his home in Goose Creek, S.C. He was last seen playing video games in his home during the early morning hours of March 30, 1997. He has not been seen or heard of since. However, his clothing was found at a nearby construction site.
Manuel Diaz Guadarrama

Photograph of Manuel Diaz Guadarrama

Sex: Male
Race: Hispanic
Height: 5' 07"
Weight: 145 pounds
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Black
Remarks: HM3 Manuel Diaz Guadarrama, USN, was last seen on August 15, 2005, when he failed to appear for muster. He had been placed on restricted status due to alleged misconduct involving a female minor on July 29, 2005.
Marina M. Kissinger

Photograph of Marina M. Kissinger

Sex: Female
Race: Caucasian
Height: 5' 08"
Weight: 129 pounds
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Brown
Remarks: Petty Officer Kissinger disappeared from her post at the Treasure Island Naval Base in San Francisco, California, on March 14, 1995. The following day she telephoned her superior officer and stated she was leaving the Navy and not coming back. Kissinger does not drink or smoke, and is an avid long distance runner. She may be using the first name Miquelle and the last names Ortiz or Martinez. She enjoyed outdoor sports including snorkeling or scuba diving. Ms. Kissinger preferred to live in a warm climate and may be in close proximity to a beach. She may possibly be in Hawaii or the San Diego area. She also has a 3-inch scar on her right abdomen.
Rex Casper

Photograph of Rex Casper

Sex: Male
Race: Caucasian
Height: 6'
Weight: 170 pounds
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Brown
Remarks: Rex Casper is a gunnery sergeant in the U.S. Marine Corps. He was last seen on May 19, 1995, dropping his daughter off at Sherwood Forrest Elementary School in Norfolk, Virginia. He never returned home. On May 30, 1995, his 1986 Ford van was found in Norfolk. The van was unlocked, with the keys in the ignition, and Casper's wallet on the seat. Rex Casper has a history of alcohol abuse and has gone through an alcohol rehabilitation program. He is described by many to be a loner, having a non-aggressive and laid-back personality. He interacts well professionally but keeps his personal life to himself. He is skilled in auto mechanics and enjoys nature, mountains, and forest areas.
Ronald R. Duck

Photograph of Ronald R. Duck

Sex: Male
Race: Caucasian
Height: 5' 09"
Weight: 160 pounds
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Brown
Remarks: Duck was last seen during the early morning hours of February 14, 1995. He disappeared under suspicious circumstances from the vicinity of the U.S. Naval Station, Pascagoula, Mississippi. He is known to frequent billiard parlors and bars with pool tables. He was last seen wearing light blue jeans, a blue-gray plaid shirt, a brown plaid flannel jacket, and brown leather ankle-high boots.
William K. Summers, Jr.

Photograph of William K. Summers, Jr.

Sex: Male
Race: Caucasian
Height: 6' 01"
Weight: 160 pounds
Eye Color: Blue
Hair Color: Brown
Remarks: Petty Officer Summers was assigned to the U.S.S. Robison (DDG-12), which was in port at the Naval Shipyard in Bremerton, Washington, when he disappeared on January 4, 1982. William Kermig Summers is described as quiet, reserved, and a gentle loving person. He was raised Baptist and became very religious around the time of his disappearance. He became argumentative regarding his religious convictions and has been known to become physical in arguments. It is suspected that he has become involved in religious cults and might have a mental or emotional disorder. He likes tennis, fishing, and working with children and mentally handicapped people. Around the time of his disappearance, he mentioned an interest in moving to Canada. He could be going by the name of Andrew.
Yaroslav V. Iventyev

Photograph of Yaroslav V. Iventyev

Sex: Male
Race: Russian
Height: 5' 06"
Weight: 160 pounds
Eye Color: Gray
Hair Color: Light Brown
Remarks: AD3 Iventyev was assigned to VP-5, NAS Jacksonville, FL. Iventyev was last seen at dinner with friends on 31JAN03 at the Russian Moscow Nights Restaurant, Jacksonville, FL. Iventyev was driving a gold 1987 Mazda RX-7. Iventyev failed to report to duty on 01FEB03. To date Iventyev and his car have not been located. Yaroslav Victorovich Iventyev is well-liked by his friends and co-workers. He went by the name "Slava" when he was growing up and is called "KGB" by members of his squadron. He is described as a hard worker but can at times have a cocky attitude. He is a smoker and is very possessive about his property. He enjoys Russian restaurants and dance clubs. He likes to dance and has been known to involve himself in physical fights.



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Contact Us

Report a Crime

To report a tip on a WANTED or MISSING PERSON, or to report on any crime, please contact NCIS at one of the following numbers or e-mail us at


NCIS Hotlines

General Crimes and Fraud Hotline 1-800-264-6485
Most Wanted Fugitives 1-877-579-3648
Computer Crime 1-800-278-9917
Espionage Hotline 1-800-543-6289
DoD Inspector General 1-703-604-8569
Inspector General of the Marine Corps Hotline 1-866-243-3887
Navy Hotline 1-800-522-3451

General Assistance

Naval Criminal Investigative Service Headquarters
716 Sicard St, SE Ste 2000
Washington Navy Yard, DC 20388-5380


Career Information
Field Offices
Freedom of Information
DCII Appeal Process
Privacy Act Requests
Safe Kids


The Naval Criminal Investigative Service maintains a worldwide presence. NCIS special agents operate from 16 field offices, including one operational unit dedicated to counterespionage, and more than 140 individual locations around the globe.

NCIS Headquarters

Contingency Response Field Office, FLETC

Carolinas Field Office, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, USA

Central Field Office, Pensacola, Florida, USA

Europe Field Office, Naples, Italy

Far East Field Office, Yokosuka, Japan

Hawaii Field Office, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, USA

Marine Corps West Field Office, Camp Pendleton, California, USA

Middle East Field Office, Manama, Bahrain

Norfolk Field Office, Norfolk, Virginia, USA

Northeast Field Office, Newport, Rhode Island, USA

Northwest Field Office, Silverdale, Washington, USA

Singapore Field Office, Singapore

Southwest Field Office, San Diego, California, USA

Southeast Field Office, Mayport, Florida, USA

Washington Field Office, Washington, DC, USA


NCIS Kings Bay is on the job

NCIS is not just a television action drama with liberal doses of humor. For Sailors and Marines at NSB Kings Bay, NCIS means a lot more than an hour of entertainment on a Tuesday night.

NCIS Marks Navy's Birthday

NCIS office takes time to celebrate 232nd birth date of U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, and acknowledge NCIS agents who have already served tours in Iraq and Afghanistan and those just headed out on those missions.

31-year NCIS employee awarded by Okinawa police

Okinawa Prefecture Police presented a certificate of appreciation to a Naval Criminal Investigative Service civilian employee.

Use '#57' to Report Terrorist, Other Threats

NCIS agent talks about the '#57 Trap and Trace' telephonic capability of the Kings Bay, GA, telephone system that can track terrorist and criminal threats.

The Quiet War: What the U.S. Hopes to Accomplish in Africa

Naval Criminal Investigative Service agent gathers intelligence in support of Navy goal to keep the Horn of Africa from becoming the next conflict.

NCIS agents brush up on forensic skills at Camp Foster

"It's not all glitz and glamour, there's mud and muck, bugs and animals..." says NCIS Supervisory Special Agent Mari Nash at an Okinawa advanced crime-scene training course that attracted officials from 13 agencies throughout the Pacific.

Groton Town Police Chief Honored for Support

Groton Town Police take time out at the IACP Conference to recognize law enforcement partnerships.

Defense Investigators and the War on Terrorism

In his article, Defense Investigators and the War on Terrorism, Louis Beyer, IG, NCIS, illustrates how Defense Criminal Investigative Organizations support the Global War on Terrorism using NCIS experiences in Iraq.

Protecting the Protectors: Marine Special Agents of the Naval Criminal Investigative Service

NCIS is more than a hit television program. Real-life Marine special agents do their part each and every day.

It was basically a scavenger hunt

A criminal mission success in Iraq earned NCIS agent the Julie Y. Cross Award from the Women in Federal Law Enforcement.

No Days Off

NCIS Special Agents find Iraq a far cry from eastern North Carolina.

Naval investigators share their techniques for thawing out some of the coldest cases

It takes conventional and non-traditional investigative techniques to solve cold cases according to NCIS special agent Jeff Morrow.

Okinawa police laud NCIS for role in investigating two drug cases

NCIS agents receive award from Ginowan, Okinawa Prefectural Police for support on solving drug cases.

Cold Case Hosting Crash Course

When break ups lead to the best breaks for an investigator.

Thomas Betro Named Director of the Naval Criminal Investigative Service

Secretary of the Navy Donald C. Winter named Special Agent Thomas A. Betro as director of the Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS), Jan. 9, succeeding former Director David L. Brant.

NCIS Personnel Recognized for Narcotics Law Enforcement Contributions

For their breakthrough efforts in the 'War on Drugs', ten NCIS special agents are singled out for awards.

'NCIS' Actress Pauley Perrette Visits the Real NCIS

Television meets reality when "NCIS" actress tours NCIS headquarters.

High Risk Training -- The New Norm for NCIS

NCIS contributes $1.1 million to boost counterterrorism training at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center.

NCIS Director Brant Announces Retirement

After leading NCIS through an eight-year period of expansion and change, Director David Brant announced his retirement from federal service.

'John Doe' gets a face, now needs a name

Investigators say the "John Doe" model may not be a perfect match, but they hope it is close enough to finally close the case.

Law enforcement groups tap into each other's records through LInX

LInX replaces old-fashioned shoe leather to find the culprits in Hampton Roads.

Department of Justice Unites Law Enforcement Components in Joining Information-Sharing System in Washington State

Department of Justice enters information-sharing partnership with NCIS.

Investigative Organization has big tasks, low profile

When Red Brigades terrorists kidnapped Brig. Gen. James Dozier in Italy in 1981, David Watson was asked to help U.S. and Italian investigators find him.

NCIS Director Recognizes Special Agents in Bahrain

"We are doing unique things in that theater. These gentlemen did things in that theater that others cannot, have not, and may not be able to do in the future," said NCIS Director David Brant.

Far East NCIS honored for Iraq work

NCIS Far East Field Office recognizes agents for voluntary assignments in Iraq.

No TV hero here, Texcel's Thompson sees real duty in 21-month NCIS callup

Naval reserve officer for NCIS, Bill Thompson took a 21-month break from his sales responsibilities in the Houston rubber industry, to being a very definitive set of eyes "outside the wire" in Iraq to make sure that compounds weren't coming under attack.

Navy Thefts Fed Drug Habits

Former Pearl Harbor shipyard employees stole hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of ship parts and sold them to scrap dealers so they could buy crystal methamphetamine.

A Mystery, a Murder, a Promise -- Part 4: His word was his bond

Reflections and a hilltop funeral bring closure to Ricky Wiltrout cold case.

A Mystery, a Murder, a Promise - Part 1

NCIS Special Agent Tony Suchy, tackles cold case mystery of unidentified bones that turned up in Norfolk Naval Base in 1999.

A Mystery, a Murder, a Promise - Part 2: The past comes forward

The life of Ricky Wiltrout is revealed as his mother's DNA confirms a match to his bones and the search for the killer begins.

A Mystery, a Murder, a Promise - Part 3: In a quest for the truth

The story is revealed in a 48 hour showdown of interviews with suspects in Wiltrout cold case.

NCIS Special Teams Provide Forensic Assistance Worldwide

In a recent search operation in Florida, NCIS' Major Case Response Team (MCRT) in concert with the Forensic Consultant Unit assisted a local police jurisdiction in the search and recovery of physical evidence from the bottom of a drained pond.

An isle Navy investigator serves as a consultant to the new CBS drama "Navy NCIS"

"Navy Special Agent Deborah Rocco had more than a passing interest when CBS last week premiered one of its new shows for the fall."

Video Footage: CBS Profiles NCIS Multiple Threat Alert Center

Tour the NCIS Multiple Threat Alert Center

Video Footage: NCIS Special Agent Afloat Program

Tour USS Theodore Roosevelt through the eyes of NCIS Special Agent Rod Budd.

More Than 30 Years Later, Navy Restores Ensign's Honor

Ensign Andy Muns disappeared while serving aboard a Navy ship moored in the Philippines during the Vietnam War.

Agent bids NCIS life goodbye after 34 years

NCIS Special Agent's only regret about the last 34 years is that the time went too fast.

Rocco's experience lends reality to 'NCIS' drama

NCIS Supervisory Special Agent, Rocco in the spotlight at Florida State University.

NCIS holds dedication and awards ceremony

In Hawaii, a new Cold Case Squad Office is established at NCIS, Naval Station Pearl Harbor, and four NCIS special agents receive Navy Meritorious Civilian Awards on the deck of the USS Missouri.

U.S. Navy agents pursue cold cases

The Hawaii State Attorney General's Office and NCIS team up to formulate a "cold case squad."

US to help tanker explosion probe

The United States is sending a team to Yemen to investigate the explosion aboard a French tanker off the Yemeni coast.

"Inside NCIS" Video from AFN News

Navy Generalist Cory Weber reports for AFN News from the NCIS European Field Office in Naples, Italy to demystify the mission of the Naval Criminal Investigative Service. See "Inside NCIS" video as aired on AFN on January 26, 2005.

Television Gets Real Look Inside

The creators of the NCIS television show take a look inside...

U.S. Sailors Donate Essentials in Wake of Tsunami

Sailors forward deployed to NSA, Bahrain, supported a relief drive for survivors of the massive tsunami.

NCIS has distinct mission in Iraq's Al Anbar province

NCIS agents in Al Anbar work hand-in-hand with the I Marine Expeditionary Force protecting service members.

NCIS Agents Recognized for Iraq Duty

In Newport, Rhode Island, NCIS Special Agents are awarded for performance of high-risk missions in Iraq.

Special Agent Jeanmarie Sentell honored for "exceptional courage" for work with OAFME in Iraq

NCIS Special Agent Sentell talks about her criminal investigations efforts in Iraq.

New TV show depicts Navy's little-known investigative unit

New TV show depicts Navy's little-known investigative unit, NCIS.

NCIS Unit is expert in cases like Hassoun's

NCIS uses expertise, experience in the case of Marine, Wassef Ali Hassoun.

NCIS Director wins prestigious national award

David Brant, Director of the U.S. NCIS, receives 2004 Women in Federal Law Enforcement (WIFLE) Award.

NCIS: Keeping U.S. Sailors Safe

NCIS: Keeping U.S. Sailors safe around the world.

NCIS honors 13 agents

Superior performance under dangerous conditions earns NCIS Carolinas field office special agents the Navy's Meritorious Civilian Service Medal.

Man sentenced to 13 years after his involvement in 1997 Norfolk murder

Naval Criminal Investigative Service plays key role in solving 1997 cold case murder.

'Eagle Eyes' campaign fights terrorism

A new security awareness campaign was launched at Marine Corps Base Quantico to motivate community to become more vigilant in reporting suspicious incidents.

Navy investigators volunteered for intelligence ops in Iraq

Agents at Naval Criminal Investigative Service's Norfolk field office are presented Navy's meritorious civilian service medal.

NCIS Director Recognized for Promoting Diversity in Law Enforcement

NCIS Director, David Brant, receives Aguila Statue Award from the Hispanic American Police Command Officers Association (HAPCOA).

Pentagon steps up spy vs spy operations: officials

by Staff Writers
Washington (AFP) Aug 5, 2008
The Pentagon is stepping up the use of offensive spy versus spy operations to thwart espionage by foreign intelligence agencies or terrorist groups, senior defense officials said Tuesday.

They said the Defense Intelligence Agency is being given a larger mandate to pursue the "strategic offensive counter-intelligence operations" as part of a reorganization approved late last month.

"These are very tightly controlled, compartmented activities run by a small group of specially selected people within DoD (Department of Defense)," said Toby Sullivan, a senior Pentagon counter-intelligence official.

The objectives for the operations are set at high levels of the government and directed against "individuals known or suspected to be foreign intelligence officers, or connected to foreign intelligence or terrorist activities," he said.

Conducted clandestinely, the operations are not intended to catch spies but to turn their operations to US ends, according to the officials, who briefed reporters at the Pentagon.

"There have been some spies caught because of someone else making a mistake and us picking up on it," Sullivan said. "But by and large these are not run to identify spies.

"These are run to thwart what the opposition is trying to do to us, and to learn more about what they are trying to get from us," he said.

The DIA can conduct the operations inside the United States as well as overseas provided "it is against a foreign intelligence officer, not a US citizen," Sullivan said.

It also can operate in cyberspace.

"Quite frankly, from (the perspective of) an offensive capability, it provides us another venue to perhaps engage the enemy," he said.

"You have people using the Internet to meet and talk, and speak to each other," he said. "So you have that opportunity for folks to meet as much as you have opportunities for folks to meet in a restaurant."

The DIA was given authority to conduct the operations for the first time two years ago on a trial basis.

Sullivan said the agency's capacity to run them have been built up over that time. "They performed admirably," he said, refusing to provide further details.

The agency now has formally been given authority for them under a reorganization that has combined counter-intelligence and human intelligence in a single center in the DIA.

The DIA joins three other Pentagon agencies that are authorized to run them -- US Army counter-intelligence, the Naval Criminal Investigative Services and the Air Force Office of Special Investigations.

"We are an arrow in somebody's quiver," Sullivan said.

"They want us to go do something; we identify the possible threat; we work with those who are feeling the focus of the threat and they give us some ideas about objectives, at least at the operational level," he said.

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